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Cover zur kostenlosen eBook-Leseprobe von »Diplomatie«

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Diplomatie

Neue Zürcher Zeitung NZZ Libro


Neue Kommunikationsformen und neue Akteure verändern die internationalen Beziehungen. Die Diplomatie dagegen hält wie kaum ein anderer Beruf die Tradition hoch.

Wie bewältigt sie die neuen Herausforderungen? Dieses Handbuch gibt eine verbindliche Antwort darauf. Der Autor verfügt über langjährige Erfahrung als Diplomat, aber auch über enge Beziehungen zur akademischen Welt. Zum ersten Mal seit fünfzig Jahren wird die Praxis der Diplomatie im deutschen Sprachraum wieder umfassend dargestellt. Das Buch enthält u.a. Kapitel zur Geschichte der Diplomatie, zum diplomatischen Recht, zur Public Diplomacy und E-Diplomatie, zum Aufbau von Aussenministerium und Vertragsnetz, zu den professionellen und charakterlichen Anforderungen an die Diplomaten, zur Sprache als Werkzeug der Diplomatie, zu den Eigenheiten der multilateralen Diplomatie und zu Seriösem und weniger Seriösem in der sogenannten Friedensdiplomatie.

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(*1949) Dr. phil., Dozent für Internationale Beziehungen an der Universität St. Gallen. Er studierte Geschichte und Philosophie in Zürich und Köln und trat 1977 in den diplomatischen Dienst der Schweiz ein. Nach Posten in New York und Washington leitete er von 1992 bis 1999 die Vertretung in Berlin, war dann Botschafter in Kroatien, Jordanien, beim Europarat in Strassburg und zuletzt beim Heiligen Stuhl. Er ist Verfasser mehrerer politischer und historischer Bücher.

 
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Icon, Brand, Myth

Foran, Max (Hrsg.) | Athabasca University Press | The West Unbound


An investigation of the meanings and iconography of the Stampede: an invented tradition that takes over the city of Calgary for ten days every July. Since 1923, archetypal “Cowboys and Indians” are seen again at the chuckwagon races, on the midway, and throughout Calgary. Each essay in this collection examines a facet of the experience—from the images on advertising posters to the ritual of the annual parade. This study of the Calgary Stampede as a social phenomenon reveals the history and sociology of the city of Calgary and the social construction of identity for western Canada as a whole.

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" ... a great beginning for a more thoughtful consideration of the Calgary Stampede and its place in Western Canadian culture."

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Max Foran is a Professor in the Faculty of Communication and History at the University of Calgary. He has written extensively on various western Canadian urban, rural, and cultural topics, most recently on ranching, urban growth, and sustainability.

 
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Cover zur kostenlosen eBook-Leseprobe von »Pergamente und Papyri«

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Pergamente und Papyri

Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft


Wie sah der ursprüngliche Text des Neuen Testamentes aus? Woher wissen wir, was die Evangelisten, Paulus und die anderen Autoren der Bibel genau geschrieben haben? Die Rekonstruktion aus vielen alten Bibelhandschriften gleicht dem Legen eines Puzzles mit weit über 1000 Teilen. Manche Teile fehlen, andere passen nicht gut zusammen. Wie verlässlich ist der Bibeltext von heute? Der norwegische Theologe und Schriftsteller Hans Johan Sagrusten erzählt in diesem kurzweiligen Buch die spannende Geschichte der ältesten und wichtigsten Bibelhandschriften und erläutert, was wir über den Bibeltext wissen. Das Buch hat in Norwegen für Aufsehen gesorgt und musste rasch nachgedruckt werden.

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Hans Johan Sagrusten ist ein norwegischer Theologe, Bibelübersetzer und Schriftsteller. Er ist ein gefragter Vortragsredner und Autor vieler Bestseller in Norwegen.

 
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Cover zur kostenlosen eBook-Leseprobe von »Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte Westeuropas seit 1945«

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Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte Westeuropas seit 1945

UTB GmbH


Das Studienbuch liefert einen kurzen und kompakten Überblick über die Geschichte von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, Politik und Kultur Westeuropas seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. Es diskutiert in vergleichender Perspektive Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede in der Entwicklung der westeuropäischen Gesellschaften. Dabei bezieht es neben klassischen Feldern der Sozialgeschichte auch neuere Themen wie Umweltgeschichte, Geschichte der Jugend sowie Frauen- und Geschlechtergeschichte mit ein.

Das Buch gliedert sich in drei große Abschnitte: die Hungerjahre der Nachkriegszeit (1945–49), den Durchbruch zum Massenkonsum (1950–70) und das Zeitalter der Globalisierung (seit 1970). Daneben werden aber auch längerfristige Entwicklungen wie Wertewandel, Säkularisierung oder Amerikanisierung thematisiert.

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Manuel Schramm ist Privatdozent am Institut für Europäische Geschichte der TU Chemnitz.

 
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We All Expected to Die

ISER Books | Social and Economic Studies


At the end of World War I, after four years of unimaginable man-made destruction, a swiftly killing virus travelled the planet. Up to one hundred million people perished in the most lethal pandemic in recorded history, the so-called “Spanish” influenza. More than half those who died were young adults aged between twenty and forty.

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Anne Budgell is a jounralist who worked with CBC radio and television in Newfoundland and Labrador for over thirty years. Her interested in Labrador history was encouraged by her mother, the daugter of a fur trapper; and her father, the son of a Hudson's Bay Company factor. She is also the author of Dear Everybody, A Woman's Journey from Park Avenue to a Labrador Trapline.

 
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Mathematical Modelling of Zombies

Smith?, Robert (Hrsg.) | University of Ottawa Press


In this terrible new COVID-19 world, the University of Ottawa is doing its part by offering a 50% discount on this very important book. We decided not to rewrite the witty book description, though we realize it is tone-deaf at the present moment, as we wanted to give readers a sense of the tone of this title. But don’t be deceived: while a fun read, this book will help you better understand how epidemiologists, governments and health care planners use mathematical models to figure out how quickly epidemics and pandemics spread, in order to plan appropriately. Reading has perhaps never been as important, and this book should be at the top of your reading list.

You’re outnumbered, in fear for your life, surrounded by flesheating zombies. What can save you now? Mathematics, of course.

Mathematical Modelling of Zombies engages the imagination to illustrate the power of mathematical modelling. Using zombies as a “hook,” you’ll learn how mathematics can predict the unpredictable. In order to be prepared for the apocalypse, you’ll need mathematical models, differential equations, statistical estimations, discretetime models, and adaptive strategies for zombie attacks—as well as baseball bats and Dire Straits records (latter two items not included).

In Mathematical Modelling of Zombies, Robert Smith? brings together a highly skilled team of contributors to fend off a zombie uprising. You’ll also learn how modelling can advise government policy, how theoretical results can be communicated to a nonmathematical audience and how models can be formulated with only limited information. A forward by Andrew Cartmel—former script editor of Doctor Who, author, zombie fan and all-round famous person in science-fiction circles—even provides a genealogy of the undead. By understanding how to combat zombies, readers will be introduced to a wide variety of modelling techniques that are applicable to other real-world issues (biology, epidemiology, medicine, public health, etc.).

So if the zombies turn up, reach for this book. The future of the human race may depend on it.

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WHY ARE SCIENTISTS SO OBSESSED WITH STUDYING ZOMBIES?

JUST BECAUSE ZOMBIES AREN’T REAL DOESN’T MEAN WE CAN’T LEARN FROM THEM

By Kate Baggaley January 11, 2017

When the zombie apocalypse comes, it will be swift and brutal. Within 100 days of the dead rising to feast on our flesh, only 273 people will remain. Or so suggests a grim estimate from students at the University of Leicester, published recently in the school’s Journal of Physics Special Topics.

Okay, zombies aren’t actually going to destroy the human race (probably). But that doesn’t mean we can’t study them. The new calculations are by no means the first example of a formal scientific investigation into the living dead.

There’s plenty of research on “real-world” zombies, animals whose minds have been taken over by parasites. But some take this zombie-science obsession to another level. Zombies have been used to help us understand how infectious diseases spread, teach us about math or neuroscience, and improve our efforts to prepare for real crises.

Zombie math

When using math to predict how an outbreak will play out, zombie survivalists must ponder questions like: how many people can a zombie attack in a day? How likely is it that those victims will be infected? How quickly can the zombies be killed? How will our population’s rate of zombification change as people become more skilled at killing or evading the undead? What happens if we find a cure?

Epidemiologists ask pretty similar questions when modeling real-world diseases. “All these things that you can play around with that are just as applicable to an influenza outbreak or a mumps outbreak—like we’re seeing in Arkansas right now—as they are to a zombie outbreak,” says Tara C. Smith, an epidemiologist at Kent State University in Ohio (and member of the Zombie Research Society).

So zombies can illustrate how a hypothetical illness might spread under different conditions. “It’s difficult sometimes to model diseases that we know,” Smith says. “We have all these parameters we have to fill in, and we think we know a lot about each of them, and sometimes we’re wrong.”

But with zombies, all bets are off. “You can have them spread only by bite, by mosquitoes, by air, you can have them have an incubation period of 30 seconds or five days,” Smith says. “You can make up everything, look at how that spreads, and look at how different prevention methods can play a role in mitigating the spread.”

A few scholars have done just that. In 2009, University of Ottawa mathematician Robert J. Smith? (yep, the question mark is part of his name) and his students showed that humans would have to strike back quickly and fiercely against the walking dead to avoid “the collapse of society as zombies overtake us all.” The class project grew into a chapter in a book about modeling infectious diseases.

Smith? went on to edit a book called Mathematical Modelling of Zombies. One chapter suggests that it’s better to buy time by running from a zombie horde than trying to slow it down. “Fleeing for your life should be the first action of any human wishing to survive,” the paper’s authors note.

Another tip: head for the Rockies. A team from Cornell University came up with a simulation for a zombie outbreak in the continental United States and worked out the best places to hide. The epidemic would quickly plow through cities, and most of us would become zombies in the first week. But four months later, remote parts of Montana and Nevada would still remain zombie-free.

“Zombies form a wonderful model system to illustrate modern epidemiological tools,” wrote the researchers, whose zombie model is a cousin of the SIR (susceptible, infected, and resistant) models used to understand many illnesses.

Their results were used to create an interactive map called Zombietown, USA, so you can start a zombie epidemic anywhere in America and watch it sweep the nation.

Zombie teachers

Epidemiologists and university students aren’t the only targets of zombie experts. Smith (yes, the one without the question mark) uses the undead to teach people of all ages about real sicknesses. “Most of the modern zombie tales, at least since 28 Days Later, really have focused on the zombie as a contagion, as an infectious disease,” Smith says. “So it’s a perfect way to talk about the spread of infection, how you control it, why you should vaccinate, and how you can prevent other real infections like influenza or measles.”

Zombies have also inspired brain research. Neuroscientists have considered how the zombie brain might deteriorate to cause symptoms like a shambling gait or ravenous hunger, and how some neurological diseases can resemble zombieism.

The Centers for Disease Control has even recruited zombies to teach the living about emergency preparedness. In 2011, the agency floated a blog post titled “Preparedness 101: Zombie Apocalypse.” It featured the CDC’s usual advice about having a plan in case disaster strikes, but added the thrilling context of surviving a zombie attack. "If you're prepared for the zombie apocalypse, you're also prepared for hurricanes and flooding," CDC spokesperson Dave Daigle told Livescience.

The post was so popular that it crashed the blog’s servers nine minutes after the CDC tweeted it. But do zombies actually make good teachers? Researchers at Loyola University Chicago tried to find out. They showed people both the zombie post and more straightforward advice. The zombie group was more entertained, but not actually more likely to remember what they’d learned or put it into action.

This doesn’t mean there’s no place for zombies in public health. The undead popped up through the entire CDC blog post; it might have worked better if there were a clearer line between the funny business and serious tips, the researchers decided.

Zombie hijinks can also be mixed with more sobering advice. In 2015, Smith wrote about the history of zombie outbreaks in the British Medical Journal’s annual Christmas issue, which chronicles playful ideas tackled with scientific rigor. The cases she described, like those in 28 Days Later and The Walking Dead, were fictional, but her call for better funding and cooperation among the international community applies to real-world epidemics too.

“In 2014 we had this huge Ebola outbreak in West Africa. We’ve known about Ebola since 1976, but we were still completely unprepared,” she says (fortunately, the global response to this epidemic was not like that in the fictional World War Z).

“Even these pathogens that we’ve known about for many years, they can still surprise us. And we still don’t have any good way to respond globally very quickly, very nimbly, and to stop these pandemics before they happen,” Smith says. “We’re always one step behind each pathogen.”

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Without really intending, Robert Smith? appears to have accidentally created the subdiscipline of mathematical modelling of zombies. By day, he’s a professor of biomathematics at the University of Ottawa, studying infectious diseases such as HIV, human papillomavirus and various tropical diseases. By night, he’s a writer, having written or edited Outside In: 160 New Perspectives on 160 Classic Doctor Who Stories by 160 Writers (ATB Publishing, 2012), Who is the Doctor: The Unofficial Guide to the New Series (ECW Press, 2012), Braaaiiinnnsss: From Academics to Zombies (UOP, 2011), and Modelling Disease Ecology with Mathematics (American Institute of Mathematics Sciences, 2008).

 
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Cover zur kostenlosen eBook-Leseprobe von »The Canadian City«

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The Canadian City

Harvest House


Architect and artist Roger Kemble has demonstrated his ideas of urban design with images from sixteen major Canadian cities—among others. He has walked, measured, and sketched their streets, squares and places, scanned their horizons, probed the relationships between structures, land and landscape with unprecedented energy. More significantly, he has reacted to the negative effect that all the busy business of urban development is having on our daily lives and he has had the courage to offer concrete remedial plans. If, as Kemble (quoting Ruskin), reminds us: 'Architecture is the mother of the arts', then time spent with his bold, imaginative, idiosyncratic view of the making (and unmaking) of cities—drawn with passionate hindsight and compassionate foresight—will be a moving and healing experience.

Through the beckoning text of The Canadian City and its 144 illustrations, we will come to know the map of our own country and city as never before. The long shadow cast by this knowledge will make us more aware travellers abroad, too. Principles of city living and city building will accompany us everywhere, with an unsuspecting vividness. There is only a short step from Roger Kemble's studio to the world.

 
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Battle for the Bay

Goose Lane Editions | New Brunswick Military Heritage Series


Battle for the Bay explores a new chapter in the history of the War of 1812. Although naval battles raged on the Great Lakes, combat between privateers and small government vessels boiled in the Bay of Fundy and the Gulf of Maine. Three small warships — the Provincial sloop Brunswicker, His Majesty's schooner Bream, and His Majesty's brig of war Boxer — played a vital role in defending the eastern waters of British North America in this crucial war. The crews of these hardy ships fought both the Americans and the elements — winter winds, summer fog, and the fierce tidal currents of the Bay of Fundy — enduring the all-too-real threats of shipwreck and possible capture and imprisonment. In peacetime, these patrol craft enforced maritime law. In wartime, they engaged in a guerre de course, attacking the enemy's commercial shipping while protecting their own. Now, for the first time, Joshua Smith tells the full story of the battle for the bay.

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"It’s a wonderfully fun short book about a side of the War of 1812 that is otherwise seldom seen."

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"Battle for the Bay fills an important gap in our knowledge of the War of 1812 in the Maritimes."

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"Smith’s account is well researched, immensely readable, and another excellent addition to the growing New Brunswick Military Heritage series. Combined with clear maps and well-chosen artwork, this book provides the perfect starting point to a war enthusiast’s driving expedition down the eastern seaboard."

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Joshua M. Smith grew up in the United States on Cape Cod and coastal Maine. He now teaches at the US Merchant Marine Academy, where is he also director of the American Merchant Marine Museum. He is the author of Borderland Smuggling: Patriots, Loyalists, and Illicit Trade in the Northeast, 1783-1820.

 
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Black River Road

Goose Lane Editions


Shortlisted, Arthur Ellis Best Non-Fiction Crime Book Award

In 1869, in the woods just outside of the bustling port city of Saint John, a group of teenaged berry pickers discovered several badly decomposed bodies. The authorities suspected foul play, but the identities of the victims were as mysterious as that of the perpetrator. From the twists and turns of a coroner's inquest, an unlikely suspect emerged to stand trial for murder: John Munroe, a renowned architect, well-heeled family man, and pillar of the community.

Munroe was arguably the first in Canada's fledgling judicial system to actively defend himself. His lawyer's strategy was as simple as it was revolutionary: Munroe's wealth, education, and exemplary character made him incapable of murder. The press and Saint John's elite vocally supported Munroe, sparking a debate about character and murder that continues to this day. In re-examining a precedent-setting historical crime with fresh eyes, Komar addresses questions that still echo through the halls of justice more than a century later: is everyone capable of murder, and should character be treated as evidence in homicide trials?

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"An engaging and atmospheric account of a crime that shocked a mid-Victorian city. The Maggie Vail case lives on as a tale interwoven by deceit, lust, avarice, class privilege, and the 19th-century media's growing fascination with ‘true crime.’"

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"Debra Komar's latest foray into Canada's murderous past recreates a sensational Victorian-era morality tale that's brimming with intrigue, shady characters, forbidden sex, and high-stakes courtroom drama. Black River Road combines meticulous research, razor-sharp insight, and riveting storytelling to unearth a forgotten chapter in our legal history."

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"Fans of Komar's finely detailed forensic re-examinations will find much to enjoy here. No rock is left unturned, no assumption left to fester, in the search for truth. The complex moral ambiguities that arise will haunt your thoughts, but with Komar's calm manner deftly guiding proceedings, the readers are always in good hands. I can't recommend her books highly enough as much for the philosophical issues they raise as for the first-class storytelling. Black River Road serves to remind us, at a time when it is needed more than ever, that there simply is no reliable forensic test of character."

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Debra Komar is the author of The Ballad of Jacob Peck, The Lynching of Peter Wheeler, and, most recently, The Bastard of Fort Stikine, which won the 2016 Canadian Authors Award for Canadian History. A Fellow of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences and a practicing forensic anthropologist for over twenty years, she investigated human-rights violations for the United Nations and Physicians for Human Rights. She has testified as an expert witness at The Hague and throughout North America and is the author of many scholarly articles and a textbook, Forensic Anthropology: Contemporary Theory and Practice.

 
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Legacy

ECW Press


Exploring intergenerational trauma in Indigenous communities — and strategies for healing — with provocative prose and an empathetic approach

Indigenous peoples have shockingly higher rates of addiction, depression, diabetes, and other chronic health conditions than other North Americans. According to the Aboriginal Healing Foundation, these are a result of intergenerational trauma: the unresolved terror, anger, fear, and grief created in Indigenous communities by the painful experiences of colonialism, passed down from generation to generation.

How are we to turn this desperate tide? With passionate argumentation and chillingly clear prose, author and educator Suzanne Methot uses her own and others’ stories to trace the roots of colonial trauma and the mechanisms by which trauma has become intergenerational, and she explores the Indigenous ways of knowing that can lead us toward change.

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“Powerful . . . A deeply empathetic and inspiring work with insights of value to anyone struggling to overcome personal or communal trauma.” — Library Journal

“This book is accessible, relatable, and full of storytelling about real people. It deeply resonates with me as a traditional counsellor, educator, and Indigenous person. Suzanne Methot, a brave Nehiyaw writer and community helper, takes up the challenges of logically explaining a child’s traumatized brain and body and how these impacts continue into adulthood. Methot also explores Indigenous health-care models, proving that Indigenous values provide solutions. This book uncovers the critical need for legislation that moves from creating ‘a renewed relationship’ with Indigenous peoples to creating real structural change.” — Dr. Cyndy Baskin, Mi’kmaq Nation, Associate Professor, School of Social Work, Ryerson University

 
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