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Cover zur kostenlosen eBook-Leseprobe von »ABC's of Human Survival«

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ABC's of Human Survival

Athabasca University Press | Global Peace Studies


The ABCs of Human Survival examines the effect of militant nationalism and the lawlessness of powerful states on the well-being of individuals and local communities?and the essential role of global citizenship within that dynamic. Based on the analysis of world events, Dr. Arthur Clark presents militant nationalism as a pathological pattern of thinking that threatens our security, while emphasizing effective democracy and international law as indispensable frameworks for human protection.Within the contexts of history, sociology, philosophy, and spirituality, The ABCs of Human Survival calls into question the assumptions of consumer culture and offers, as an alternative, strategies to improve overall well-being through the important choices we make as individuals.

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Dr. Arthur Clark is a Professor of Neuropathology and Clinical Neurosciences at the University of Calgary, and an active staff neuropathologist at the Foothills Hospital in Calgary. He carries lifelong experience with militant nationalist culture, having come of age during the Vietnam War and serving two years as Captain in the United States Army Medical Corps. In 1995, in honour of his late wife, he established the Dr. Irma M. Parhad Programmes at the University of Calgary, which focus on ways to improve worldwide health and well-being within the framework of international law. He is also currently involved in a project to establish a Calgary Centre for Global Community, to be based on the values and vision that informed The ABCs of Human Survival.

 
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Cover zur kostenlosen eBook-Leseprobe von »The Forgotten Peace«

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The Forgotten Peace

University of Ottawa Press | Governance Series


In the early hours of April 22, 1914, American President Woodrow Wilson sent Marines to seize the port of Veracruz in an attempt to alter the course of the Mexican Revolution. As a result, the United States seemed on the brink of war with Mexico. An international uproar ensued. The governments of Argentina, Brazil, and Chile offered to mediate a peaceful resolution to the crisis. Surprisingly, both the United States and Mexico accepted their offer and all parties agreed to meet at an international peace conference in Niagara Falls, Ontario.

For Canadians, the conference provided an unexpected spectacle on their doorstep, combining high diplomacy and low intrigue around the gardens and cataracts of Canada's most famous natural attraction. For the diplomats involved, it proved to be an ephemeral high point in the nascent pan-American movement. After it ended, the conference dropped out of historical memory.

This is the first full account of the Niagara Falls Peace Conference to be published in North America since 1914. The author carefully reconstructs what happened at Niagara Falls, examining its historical significance for Canada's relationship with the Americas. From this almost forgotten event he draws important lessons on the conduct of international mediation and the perils of middle-power diplomacy.

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"This significant and engaging work provides a cogent analysis of [the A.B.C.] conference, an often-ignored incident in the course of the Mexican Revolution and a fascinating example of incipient Canadian involvement in the affairs of the hemisphere that will be of great intereest both to historians of Mexico and inter-American relations." -- Canadian Journal of History

 
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Battle for the Bay

Goose Lane Editions | New Brunswick Military Heritage Series


Battle for the Bay explores a new chapter in the history of the War of 1812. Although naval battles raged on the Great Lakes, combat between privateers and small government vessels boiled in the Bay of Fundy and the Gulf of Maine. Three small warships — the Provincial sloop Brunswicker, His Majesty's schooner Bream, and His Majesty's brig of war Boxer — played a vital role in defending the eastern waters of British North America in this crucial war. The crews of these hardy ships fought both the Americans and the elements — winter winds, summer fog, and the fierce tidal currents of the Bay of Fundy — enduring the all-too-real threats of shipwreck and possible capture and imprisonment. In peacetime, these patrol craft enforced maritime law. In wartime, they engaged in a guerre de course, attacking the enemy's commercial shipping while protecting their own. Now, for the first time, Joshua Smith tells the full story of the battle for the bay.

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"It’s a wonderfully fun short book about a side of the War of 1812 that is otherwise seldom seen."

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"Battle for the Bay fills an important gap in our knowledge of the War of 1812 in the Maritimes."

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"Smith’s account is well researched, immensely readable, and another excellent addition to the growing New Brunswick Military Heritage series. Combined with clear maps and well-chosen artwork, this book provides the perfect starting point to a war enthusiast’s driving expedition down the eastern seaboard."

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Joshua M. Smith grew up in the United States on Cape Cod and coastal Maine. He now teaches at the US Merchant Marine Academy, where is he also director of the American Merchant Marine Museum. He is the author of Borderland Smuggling: Patriots, Loyalists, and Illicit Trade in the Northeast, 1783-1820.

 
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Cover zur kostenlosen eBook-Leseprobe von »Interpreting the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal«

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Interpreting the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal

University of Ottawa Press | Perspectives on Translation


In order to ensure its absolute authority, the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal (1946–1948), the Japanese counterpart of the Nuremberg Trial, adopted a three-tier structure for its interpreting: Japanese nationals interpreted the proceedings, second-generation Japanese-Americans monitored the interpreting, and Caucasian U.S. military officers arbitrated the disputes. The first extensive study on the subject in English, this book explores the historical and political contexts of the trial as well as the social and cultural backgrounds of the linguists through trial transcripts in English and Japanese, archival documents and recordings, and interviews with those who were involved in the interpreting. In addition to a detailed account of the interpreting, the book examines the reasons for the three-tier system, how the interpreting procedures were established over the course of the trial, and the unique difficulties faced by the Japanese-American monitors. This original case study of the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal illuminates how complex issues such as trust, power, control and race affect interpreting at international tribunals in times of conflict.

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“[an] invaluable historical [account] of interpreting in [a] clearly very sensitive [setting]”

- Jeremy Munday, Year's Work Critical and Cultural Theory Volume 20, Issue 1

 
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Cover zur kostenlosen eBook-Leseprobe von »Staatsgeheimnisse?«

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Staatsgeheimnisse?

Neue Zürcher Zeitung NZZ Libro


Alles ist anders. Die Schweiz funktioniert, aber nicht nur wegen Wahlen, Verfassung, Parteien. Sondern sie regiert sich auf oft wenig bekannten Pfaden. Die Verwaltung ist eifrig und mächtig. Die Gemeinden bestimmen Sprachgrenzen und Einbürgerung. Die Bürger panaschieren die Wahllisten und entmündigen die Parteizentralen. Die Schuldenbremse steckt in den Köpfen. Die Regierung hat kein Programm, doch der Bundesrat haut oft auf den Tisch und schafft Fakten. Die Geschichte formte das Land vom Bürger und Gewerbe her, nicht von Visionen aus Brüssel.

Der bekannte und originelle Denker, Ökonom und Publizist beschreibt in kurzen Kapiteln ungewohnte, selten wahrgenommene Verfahren in unserem Staat, die aber typisch für die Schweiz und das Zusammenleben sind. Auf Fragen wie «Was hält die Schweiz zusammen?», «Wie wird sie regiert?», «Warum gibt es 2500 Gemeinden?» gibt er erhellende Antworten und regt zum Nachdenken an.

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Studium der politischen Wissenschaften und der Wirtschaft in Genf und Berlin. Ab 1972 freier Wirtschaftsjournalist, ab 1977 Sekretär des Schweizerischen Gewerkschaftsbundes, betraut mit Liberalisierungsdossiers in Wettbewerbs-, Welthandels- und Wirtschaftspolitik. 1996–2000 a. o. Professor für Sozialpolitik an der Universität Lausanne, seit 2002 Kolumnist bei der «NZZ am Sonntag». Buchautor. Letzte Publikation: «Leidenschaftlich nüchtern» (2014).

 
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Shaped by Silence

Memorial University Press | Social and Economic Studies


Shaped by Silence brings together the powerful stories of five women from Ireland, Canada, and Australia whose lives were shaped by forced confinement in Magdalene laundries and other institutions operated by the Roman Catholic Order of Sisters of the Good Shepherd. Their narratives include one teenager’s experience in a Good Shepherd training school in Canada; another story of a child who was born in a Canadian Good Shepherd laundry; and three accounts of adolescent girls held in Good Shepherd Magdalene laundries in Ireland and Australia. In these institutions, women and girls became a coerced workforce. Hard, unpaid and relentless physical toil, isolation, enforced silence, and prayer constituted the nuns’ strategy for converting their “fallen” charges into the Christian image of pure womanhood. Within this regime, girls and women suffered physical, psychological, and emotional abuse.

While intimately capturing the dark and enduring after-effects of ill-treatment, the stories recounted in Shaped by Silence also describe survivors’ efforts to heal and rebuild their lives. This important book shines a light on a pervasive and systemic pattern of cruelty and exploitation. It reveals the unwarranted confinement of generations of girls and women in Good Shepherd institutions around the world and constitutes a call for full acknowledgement of their suffering.

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"The poignancy of the title, Shaped by Silence, grows with each chapter in Rie Croll’s superbly written and important book, which seeks to correct the world’s ignorance about life for girls and women institutionalized in Magdalene laundries. The clever cruelty behind this system of oppression is shocking and frighteningly parallels the horrors of Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale.”

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“This volume consists of the stories of five women, from Canada and Ireland and Australia, whose lives were shaped by forced confinement in Magdalene laundries and related reform ‘schools’ operated by the Roman Catholic Order of Sisters of the Good Shepherd. “Shaped by Silence” gives such troubling and formerly hidden narratives a voice.”

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“[Croll] interviewed survivors who entered institutions between the 1930s and 1960s, not long before they closed for good. Their accounts provide some of the most detailed information we have about Good Shepherd homes in Canada.”

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RIE CROLL is a professor of sociology in the social/ cultural studies programme at Memorial University, Grenfell Campus, and a former therapist who worked with abused girls and women.

 
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Cover zur kostenlosen eBook-Leseprobe von »Les Cahiers du Journalisme, V.2, NO1«

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Les Cahiers du Journalisme, V.2, NO1

Labasse, BertrandSavary, PierreWatine, Thierry (Hrsg.) | Les Presses de l'Université d'Ottawa | Les Cahiers du Journalisme


Fondés il y a plus de vingt ans à l'instigation de Patrick Pépin et de Pierre Bourdieu, qui en signait le premier article, Les Cahiers du journalisme prennent un nouveau départ. Cette seconde série associe désormais la perspective d'une revue de réflexion ouverte à des analyses et points de vue variés (Les Cahiers du journalisme - Débats), à celle d'une revue de recherche internationale publiant des dossiers, articles et notes soumis à évaluation scientifique externe (Les Cahiers du journalisme - Recherches). Elle prolonge ainsi le rôle majeur qu'elle a joué dans le développement des travaux et échanges sur le journalisme francophone, en favorisant un dialogue ouvert entre les professionnels et les chercheurs sans pour autant méconnaître les spécificités de leurs approches respectives.

Ce livre est publié en français.

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L’ensemble tient la promesse du comité éditorial : ne s’affilier à « aucune chapelle ni aucune école de pensée particulière ». Ces travaux ouvrent ainsi pour les professionnels des pistes de réflexion sur leurs pratiques vues sans parti pris idéologique ou corporatiste. Et pour le public le plus vaste l’occasion de sortir des lieux communs sur l’information pour en comprendre les ressorts profonds de la fabrication.

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Professeur à l'Université d'Ottawa et professeur invité à l'école supérieure de journalisme de Lille. Auteur de plusieurs ouvrages sur la production et la réception de l'information, il était auparavant directeur du centre commun de recherche-développement de la fédération des éditeurs de presse français.

 
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Rethinking Canadian Aid

Brown, Stephenden Heyer, MollyBlack, David R. (Hrsg.) | University of Ottawa Press | Studies in International Development and Globalization


In 2013, the government abolished the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), which had been Canada’s flagship foreign aid agency for decades, and transferred its functions to the newly renamed Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (DFATD). As the government is rethinking Canadian aid and its relationship with other foreign policy and commercial objectives, the time is ripe to rethink Canadian aid more broadly.

Edited by Stephen Brown, Molly den Heyer and David R. Black, this revised edition not only analyzes Canada’s past development assistance, it also highlights important new opportunities in the context of the recent change in government. Designed to reach a variety of audiences, contributions by twenty scholars and experts in the field offer an incisive examination of Canada’s record and initiatives in Canadian foreign aid, including its relatively recent emphasis on maternal and child health and on the extractive sector, as well as the longer-term engagement with state fragility. 

The portrait that emerges is a sobering one. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in Canada’s changing role in the world.

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Strongly recommended. (...) well-designed and copyedited, (...) reasonably priced (open access) (...) Great value for money and excellent additions to one’s library.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02255189.2017.1272440

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Rethinking Canadian Aid s’impose non seulement comme une lecture obligatoire pour ceux et celles qui s’intéressent à la transformation du rôle du Canada en matière de développement international, mais également aux débats portant sur les changements propres à l’ère Harper. Considérant aussi le fait que ce livre soit en libre accès sur Internet (www.bit.ly/CdnAidpdf), nous ne pouvons que saluer cette brillante initiative qui en fait un ouvrage véritablement incontournable.

 
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Cover zur kostenlosen eBook-Leseprobe von »Drugs and Crime«

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Drugs and Crime

University of Ottawa Press | Health and Society


Discussing illegal drugs without taking into account its criminal context is a difficult proposition. Certain questions come back repeatedly: Does doing drugs really lead to delinquency? Do some drugs have criminal properties? Why would a drug addict turn to crime? What are the best methods of intervention in dealing with individuals who have serious drug habits?

The third edition of Drogue et criminalité : Une relation complexe (Les Presses de l’Université de Montréal), translated here for the first time in English, presents an overview of the complex relationship between drugs and crime, avoids cursory affirmations to the effect that psychoactive substance use necessarily leads to crime. It also sheds light on the political and legislative contexts tied to drugs and offers an exceptional synthesis of the research literature of the past 20 years. The authors also discuss the increased attention to illegal drug users and people with addictions, and describe the different supports that are available to them.

This book is published in English.

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Concevoir la question des drogues illicites en dehors de leur contexte criminel est difficile. Certaines questions reviennent immanquablement : prendre de la drogue pousse-t-il vraiment à la délinquance ? Existe-t-il des drogues aux propriétés criminogènes ? Pourquoi un toxicomane se tourne-t-il vers la criminalité ? Quelles sont les meilleures façons d’intervenir auprès des personnes qui ont de graves problèmes de consommation ? 

Cette troisième édition présente la relation complexe entre drogue et criminalité, évitant les énoncés sommaires qui voudraient que l’usage de substances psychoactives mène nécessairement au crime. Elle met ainsi en lumière les contextes politiques et légaux liés aux drogues et fait une synthèse exceptionnelle des résultats de la recherche des vingt dernières années. Les auteurs rendent compte de l’importance accrue qu’on accorde désormais aux usagers de drogues illicites ainsi qu’aux personnes dépendantes et ils décrivent les différentes formes d’aide qui leur sont proposées.

Ce livre est publié en anglais.

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Serge Brochu, Ph.D. Psychology, is Full Professor at Université de Montréal’s École de criminologie, Honorary President of the International Society for Criminology, and President of the Association des intervenants en dépendance du Québec (AIDQ). He is a researcher at the Groupe de recherche et intervention sur les substances psychoactives-Québec (RISQ) and at the Centre international de criminologie comparée (CICC). He is also the scientific director of the Institut universitaire sur les dépendances (IUD).

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Natacha Brunelle, Ph.D. Criminology, is Full Professor at the Département de psychoéducation, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, and Canada Research Chair

in Drug Use Patterns and Related Problems. She is also a researcher affiliated with RISQ, CICC and IUD.

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Chantal Plourde, Ph.D. Criminology, is Full Professor at the Département de psychoéducation, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières. She is also a researcher affiliated with RISQ and CICC, and director of the UQTR section of the CICC.

 
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Cover zur kostenlosen eBook-Leseprobe von »Bittersweet«

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Bittersweet

Goose Lane Editions


Sometimes the life we have constructed needs to fall apart before we can begin the process of making something better. After his first marriage ended, Philip Lee found himself living with his younger brother in an old fisherman's house by the sea, trying to restore some order to the wreckage of his life. It was a dark year of rain-bucket showers, blowtorch espresso, and abandoned renovation projects. They were bachelors in every sense of the word. With wit, warmth, and sensitivity, Philip Lee writes about this dark year, the struggle to rebuild his life and family and his rediscovery of love's possibilities. Lee's journey takes him from the coastlines of Eastern Canada to the cities of China and the Greek island of Naxos. Cutting to the heart of the matter, he explores how it is that we might lift ourselves up through the great work of love.

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"If you're interested in a journalist's exploration of marriage and relationships, written in a style so personable that you'll wish you could have the author and his whole family over for dinner, I highly recommend giving Bittersweet a try."

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"[Lee's] often startling vulnerability and openness invites readers to draw from his experience both the assurance that someone else has been where they are and points of departure for their own reflection on loving others."

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"Beautifully written …. informative, entertaining and filled with hope... a must read for anyone who has walked through the pain of divorce and the joy of re-discovering love."

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Philip Lee is the director of the School of Journalism at St. Thomas University. He is the former editor-in-chief of The Telegraph Journal and the author of Frank: The Life and Politics of Frank McKenna and Bittersweet: Confessions of a Twice-Married Man.

Lee has been recognized nationally for his writing. In 1989, his stories helped to prompt the Royal Commission of Inquiry into the Mount Cashel orphanage scandal and he was part of a team of writers shortlisted for the prestigious Michener Award for public service journalism. In 1995, Lee won two Canadian Association of Journalists awards, including best investigative report of the year in Canada, for a series of stories about Atlantic salmon conservation. He later turned the series into a book, Home Pool: The Fight to Save the Atlantic Salmon (Goose Lane, 1996). Over the years, Lee has won several Atlantic Journalism Awards and been shortlisted for a National Magazine Award for column writing.

 
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