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Purplsoc 2017 - Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change


Richard Sickinger
Peter Baumgartner
Tina Gruber-Mücke


A comprehensive
perspective of current pattern
research and practice

Dear Reader,

We live in a time of social and cultural change. Old patterns are losing their validity and relevance - new patterns are needed and in demand. We need a new approach which can formulate, generate and engage such patterns. The pattern language approach of Christopher Alexander serves this purpose - The interdisciplinary and participatory building blocks for societal change.

In the last two decades, the pattern approach of Christopher Alexander - which originated from architecture but has gone far beyond since – has been successfully implemented in a growing number of different domains, such as design, media, arts, IT, management, pedagogy, health care, linguistics, sociology, social activism, social innovation and grassroots movements. It has become a powerful interdisciplinary and participative tool for collecting and communicating informal knowledge with the purpose of creating morphological coherence through the things which we design, make or put into practice. Lastly, as Alexander states, with the objective to build a society which is alive and whole.

The Second World Conference PURPLSOC 2017 In Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change offers an overview of the newest developments in the application of the pattern language approach of Christopher Alexander in different domains, such as education, media, software development, management, pedagogy, health care, politics, social innovation, integration, art, personal development and design. Altogether 21 domains – from anthropology and automation to political science and systems science – were represented at the conference. The pattern language approach – a common language for a fragmented world.

This anthology of papers aims to disseminate Alexander’s ground-breaking ideas and provoke further use and discussion of his methods.

Richard Sickinger


Peter Baumgartner


Tina Gruber-Muecke



01 Are there patterns which globally link humanity? Patterns of Humanity looks at humanity, individually and collectively, to explore the question if there are patterns in the sense of a generalization or abstraction that are constant across cultures, although each culture might interpret that pattern differently. The author states “In our efforts to build large-scale habitable complex systems it is essential that our efforts be informed with knowledge and understanding of human beings and the cultures they have instituted the past tens of thousands of years. Only Patterns of Humanity will provide any hope of success.”

02 Christopher Alexanders treatise, The Nature of Order, states that a shift away from a mechanistic mind-body dualism into a more holistic, integrated stance is essential for society today. Do, otherwise identical, design projects that are developed in the mechanistic (drafting and computer) or integrated (modeling) modes respectively truly display measurable divergent formal properties when completed? Method Shapes Morphology conduct several such formal studies on a small scale to observe any objective delta between the physical outcomes of these two contrasting methods of building.

03 A Pattern Language for Designing Regenerative Refugee Camps utilizes systems-thinking, permaculture design and a pattern language to offer regenerative solutions to the global refugee crisis.

04 The Central Role of Artifacts in Processes of Knowledge Production argues that artifacts, and pattern languages in particular, can act as containers and displayers of knowledge and thereby ground ideas and design principles into an intelligible form to enable non-experts to participate meaningfully in a design process. Such artifacts empower citizens with the capacity to sustain dialogue with experts, while providing an environment where local knowledge can emerge and influence design

05 Alexander’s Patterns in Contemporary City and Transport Planning Processes – A Comparison of Theory and Practice shows the relevance of Alexander’s essay “Nature of Order“ as a central element in human-compatible transport planning due to its system-analytic character. A concrete example for the implementation of “A Pattern Language” in public participation, awareness building processes and in architectural competitions for community buildings is described and evaluated.

06 Although pattern languages are a powerful means to preserve and reuse expertise, a clear definition is missing about what a pattern language actually is. The Nature of Pattern Languages seeks to provide a clear and unambiguous mathematical foundation. It reveals the nature of pattern languages by presenting a formal notion of pattern languages as node-coloured and edge- weighted directed multigraphs and shows how this model can be used to sharpen Alexander’s idea of pattern languages.

07 Illuminating Egoless Creation with Theories of Autopoietic Systems examines one of the most important but overlooked concepts in pattern language theory: creation processes without the self (ego). Christopher Alexander, the inventor of the pattern language concept and methodology, focused on a generative mechanism beyond the individual designer level and claimed that creation originated from this basis. The authors illuminate this egoless creation concept from a systems theory perspective.

08 When Thievery Isn’t an Option or An Overview of Embodied Making describes a nascent pattern craft: Embodied Making. This process, an art of sense-making, solutioning, and patterning, draws deeply and respectfully from preceding traditions (notably Alexandrian pattern languages, phenomenology, and Kaizen), but, perforce, engages in its own pathfinding, devising patterns for today’s world from scratch.

09 Pedagogy of Wholeness: Accounting for the Missing Heart in Educational Research argues that Alexander’s theory of centers and wholeness can be utilized for understanding and creating inspiring and nurturing learning environments. The centers-based approach assists in revealing design elements which reflect experiences that are “momentary perhaps, something we consider a haze of emotion… a feeling we recognize as deep, as vitally important… it lasts for a few seconds, perhaps even for a few minutes… and then our rude cosmology dismisses it” (Alexander), accounting for the ‘missing heart’ in current educational research.

10 How can teachers support students in becoming active learners? Active Learning Patterns for Teachers is a pattern language which describes good teaching practices for teachers, classified into three different categories: “Identify the seeds of curiosity, help them grow”, “Lift them up to the next level” and “Enhance each other and keep changing”. The authors also describe tools for teachers-workshops to promote the introduction and application of these patterns in schools.

11 Designing Hybrid Spaces for Creative work deals with the planning and design of hybrid spaces for innovation and learning processes using a design pattern language, an important contribution in the planning of three innovation rooms at TH Köln (Campus Gummersbach). The authors present three example patterns: hybrid learning space, physical to digital, and digital to real. The patterns aim to provide important design guidelines for similar projects at other universities.

12 Patterns for Hybrid Pedagogy aims at dissolving the dichotomies within education such as physical-digital, academic-nonacademic, online-offline, formal-informal, learning-teaching and individual-collective. It takes a more holistic view and takes the diversity of students and teachers into account. The 85 patterns are clustered into different categories: Hybrid Learning Space, Student Agency, Hybrid Production, Collaboration, Hybrid Assessment, Outside In, Inside Out, Sharing is Caring, Performance. This paper presents one pattern of each category and reflects about the process of finding and applying these patterns.

13 In the last decades, pedagogues all over the world have mined many patterns as well as pattern languages and communities of practices have emerged, like the pedagogical patterns project. A Pattern Language Remix for ATS2020 makes use of existing pedagogical patterns and adapts them for teachers in specific learning and teaching settings. Through the example of the EU project “ATS2020 – Assessment of Transversal Skills”, the authors show how existing pattern languages can be remixed and how new configurations can be found between patterns from different languages.

14 How can people who have never engaged in pattern languages, but are interested in using patterns, make effective use of patterns? Patterns for Utilizing Patterns Towards Dementia-Friendly Communities provides a collection of 12 patterns, called ‘Patterns for Utilizing Patterns’, which help utilize a select pattern language ‘Words for a Journey’, a pattern language for living well with dementia and forming Dementia-Friendly Communities.

15 Christopher Alexander‘s four volume “The Nature of Order“ presents a metaphysical vision by which all of life, in the broadest sense, is brought forth by relentless application of a single fundamental transformation which manifests itself through 15 properties of life. Six Investigations for Clarifying Alexander‘s Properties of Life seeks to define the properties through six investigations and so to clarify Alexander‘s properties of life as metaphysically sound and scientifically usable.

16 How can the practical knowledge of elderly care in nursing homes, possessed by individual staff members and not necessarily shared, be acquired and put into practice as an effective means for creating a better environment for elderly people? A Pattern Language Shaping a Desirable Environment for the Elderly describes the research method and resulting pattern language consisting of 66 patterns obtained through conversations with staff members of Benesse Style Care Co., Ltd. In Japan.

17 Statistics as a subject is becoming increasingly important for academic and professional capacity. On the other hand, students of non-mathematical subjects confront statistics with great reservation. Patterns of Statistical Analysis – Guiding Students Using Christopher Alexander‘s Pattern Language Principles show how the proximity of statistical structures to living structures identified by Christopher Alexander is taken up to develop a constructivist didactic concept that evades frequently negative attitudes to statistics by offering an approach to statistical models via known, non-mathematical patterns.

18 The pattern approach demonstrates the power of ‘implicit and tacit knowing’ in many fields and complements and recharges ‚rational knowing’ with experiential wisdom. Nevertheless, there still are open questions to be solved in order to understand and use pattern languages as dynamic systems. Resonating Patterns and Resonating Spaces. Potential Steps for Dynamic Pattern Technology and Digital Pattern Practice suggests to link the space-oriented concept of ‚A Pattern Language’ by Christopher Alexander with Latour‘s time-oriented ‚Actor-Network-Theory’ to address challenges faced when creating a dynamic pattern language.

19 Arrival City: Refugees In Three + One German Cities not only has the intent to study the refugee crisis in various spatial and architectural settings and aspects but also to actively try to help refugees with their problems. The authors present three case studies in three different cities in Germany. In these cities the life of refugees from their original escape country/city to their arrival in their new cities and new countries is analyzed. Furthermore, how refugees can assimilate or integrate into their host countries, cities and neighborhoods and start a new life.

20 A Refugee Pattern Language Cluster One - The Refugee Family shares a draft pattern language for refugee integration, beginning with the larger refugee family domain. The formation of a ‘Refugee Pattern Language’ (RPL) is one of the key building blocks of PUARL’s Initiative Refugee Integration in Europe.

21 In civic collaboration activities, it is important to involve people who are indifferent to such activities so that local government can take diverse values into consideration. Patterns for Community Innovation by Empowering Indifferent People: Practice of Sabae City Office JK-section shows how local high school girls in Sabae, Japan, who are indifferent to community design, can be motivated by patterns to participate and to achieve local innovations, therefore enabling civic collaboration.

22 Today, many young people feel insecure about having and raising children while working. The pattern language Ways of Everyday World-Making: Living Well with Working and Parenting helps young people reduce their anxiety over becoming a working parent and shows ways how young people can live well while both working and parenting by discovering that by doing daily chores, raising children, working and interacting with one’s social network, we personally build the daily life that we live in.

23 How can young people be encouraged to cook, in response to the declining cooking population especially among young people in Japan? Cooking Fun Language: Sharing the Hidden Fun of Cooking proposes a Cooking Fun Language that documents the hidden enjoyment of cooking. Fun language is a collection of Fun Words, each showing a way of enjoying a certain cooking related activity that are unknown to those who have little experience. The authors present the creating process, a list of the Fun Words, the function of Cooking Fun Language, and future work.

24 How can one best describe the qualities of Washoku, the traditional cuisine of Japan? A Cooking Language: A Pattern-Based Tool for Discovering and Applying History-Based Cooking Ideas proposes the cooking language method, along with its first sample created from the Japanese cuisine: the Washoku Language. The authors briefly cover philosophical aspects of the method, describe its creation method, introduce the first instance of a cooking language and show results and analyses from two test cases of cooking using a cooking language.

25 Can a pattern language be expressed in a different way as with reading material? Pattern Song: Auditory Expression for Pattern Languages introduces the concept of the ‘pattern song’ as an auditory expression of a pattern language and presents the first such song. The authors discuss the auditory expression of a pattern language and analyze the relation between lyrics and patterns, as well as feedback from listeners.

26 Modern education makes great demands on young people in regard to decision-making and responsibility when forging one’s own career path. Life Transition Patterns: A Pattern Language for Shaping Your Future presents a pattern language that supports young people in making life decisions about subjects such as school and career and enables high school and university students to make career choices in light of their preferred style of living. The authors present a summary of all 27 patterns and also provide examples of the usage of the pattern language.

27 Due to the widespread availability of restaurants, take-out options, and ready-made foods, many people have fewer opportunities to cook. Therefore, they have less familiarity with the activity, and can consequently feel intimidated or reluctant about cooking. Cook- That-Dish Patterns for Tacos: A Tool for Collaborative Cooking is a pattern language that aims to remove this fear and invites people to enjoy the cooking experience.

28 Developing a supportive social environment within local government agencies or companies is a key to improving general welfare. Welfare Pattern Languages by a Local Government presents two pattern languages, “Employment of the Disabled Patterns” and “Welfare Innovation Patterns”, designed to disseminate tacit knowledge and experiential know-how to enrich co-creative interaction relating to welfare issues among stakeholders in the city of Kawasaki, Japan.

29 What might be a language that not only describes “the whole” of sustainability but is also generative of the solutions and actions we need? Closing the Gap Between Concern and Action: Tools and Lessons from Exploring a Pattern Language on Sustainability describes research that explored the nature of such a language using the aspirations of Alexander’s “pattern languages” and the everyday experiences of a group of households seeking to “live more sustainably”. Thirteen proto-Patterns were developed around one aspect of this experience – the need, as identified by the households, to maintain a “mindfulness” to the task.

30 Systemic design methods in the 21st century have roots in systems theory developed in the 20th century. During this period, the design profession has evolved with changes in technology. The rise of information technology has resulted in a turn towards interaction and materiality. Multiparadigm Inquiry Generating Service Systems Thinking proposes a generative pattern language coming through multiparadigm inquiry that builds on the history of systems theories developed from the 1960s into the 1990s.


31 A Building is not a Turkish Carpet – Patterns, Properties and Beauty is a review by Max Jacobson of the historical development of Christopher Alexander and his various associate’s work with particular attention to the developing concept of “beauty” in the various books. While it is illustrated that the actual word rarely if ever appears in the bulk of the work, it becomes a central focus of the latest 4-volume The Nature of Order. This eventual concept of beauty, derived initially from an intense analysis of ancient Turkish carpets, turns out to constitute the characteristics of Nature. As such, this ‘natural’ form of beauty omits other forms, such as the Sublime, Euclidean geometry, and the beauty of noble social ideals expressed in architecture.



01 Patterns of Humanity

David West


02 Method Shapes Morphology

David Getzin, Bryan Mock

03 A Pattern Language for Designing Regenerative Refugee Camps

Gregory Crawford, Nick Tittle, Maina Sulzbach-Petry, Geoffroy Godeau, Brecht Deriemaeker

04 The Central Role of Artifacts in Processes of Knowledge Production: an Empirical Investigation of Three Projects of Participatory Urban Design using Pattern Languages

Aurelio David

Civil Engineering

05 Alexander’s Patterns in Contemporary City and Transport Planning Processes – A Comparison of Theory and Practice

Harald Frey, Robert Krasser

Computer Science

06 The Nature of Pattern Languages

Michael Falkenthal,
Uwe Breitenbücher,
Frank Leymann


07 Illuminating Egoless Creation with Theories of Autopoietic Systems

Takashi Iba, Ayaka Yoshikawa

08 When Thievery Isn’t an Option or An Overview of Embodied Making

Jenny Quillien


09 Pedagogy of Wholeness: Accounting for the Missing Heart in Educational Research

Ana Pinto

10 Active Learning Patterns for Teachers

Takashi Iba, Yoshihiro Utsunomiya

11 Designing Hybrid Spaces for Creative Work

Christian Kohls, Guido Münster

12 Patterns for Hybrid Pedagogy

Christian Kohls, Christian Köppe, Rikke Toft Nørgård

Educational Technologies

13 A Pattern Language Remix for ATS2020

Isabell Grundschober,
Andrea Ghoneim,
Peter Baumgartner,
Tina Gruber-Muecke

Health Sciences

14 Patterns for Utilizing Patterns Towards Dementia-Friendly Communities

Tomoki Kaneko,
Takashi Iba


15 Six Investigations for Clarifying Alexander’s Properties of Life

Andrius Jonas Kulikauskas

Management Science

16 A Pattern Language Shaping a Desirable Environment for the Elderly

Masaaki Yonesu,
Io Kato


17 Patterns of Statistical Analysis – Guiding Students using Christopher Alexander‘s Pattern Language Principles

Valerie Larsen, Cornelia Eube, Sebastian Vogt

Pattern Science

18 Resonating Patterns and Resonating Spaces. Potential Steps for Dynamic Pattern Technology and Digital Pattern Practice

Wolfgang Stark, Stefan Tewes, Christina Weber


19 Arrival City: Refugees in Three + One German Cities

Hajo Neis, Briana Meier, Tomoki Furukawazono

20 A Refugee Pattern Language, Cluster One - The Refugee Family

Hajo Neis, Briana Meier, Tomoki Furukawazono

21 Patterns for Community Innovation by Empowering Indifferent People: Practice of Sabae City Office JK- section

Norihiko Kimura, Yujun Wakashin, Takashi Iba

22 Ways of Everyday World-Making: Living well with Working and Parenting

Iroha Ogo, Takashi Iba, Kimie Ito, Seiko Miyakawa

23 Cooking Fun Language: Sharing the Hidden Fun of Cooking

Hitomi Shimizu, Ayaka Yoshikawa, Takashi Iba

24 Cooking Language: A Pattern-Based Tool for Discovering and Applying History-Based Cooking Ideas

Taichi Isaku, Takashi Iba

25 Pattern Song: Auditory Expression for Pattern Languages

Takashi Iba, Mayu Ueno, Ayaka Yoshikawa

26 Life Transition Patterns: A Pattern Language for Shaping Your Future

Takashi Iba, Tomoko Kubo

27 Cook-That-Dish Patterns for Tacos: A Tool for Collaborative Cooking

Ayaka Yoshikawa, Hitomi Shimizu, Takashi Iba

28 Welfare Pattern Languages by a Local Government

Kazuo Takiguchi, Naohiro Kitamura, Makoto Okada, Takashi Iba

Sustainability science

29 Closing the Gap Between Concern and Action: Tools and Lessons from Exploring a Pattern Language on Sustainability

Greg Paine

Sustainability science

30 Wicked Problems, Systems Approach, Pattern Language, Ecological Epistemology, Hierarchy Theory, Interactive Value: Multiparadigm Inquiry generating Service Systems Thinking

David Ing


31 A Building is not a Turkish Carpet – Patterns, Properties and Beauty

Max Jacobson

We would like to thank all authors, contributors and participants of the PURPLSOC Conference 2017

The objective of the PURPLSOC 2017 world conference was to stimulate the attention for pattern related work, both in the scientific community and the wider public, by showing its broad applicability and richness and bringing application/best practice examples from outside the scientific community into research.

The PURPLSOC platform provides a forum for scholars from a variety of fields as well as for a broad audience of practitioners and students to come together and discuss topics such as:

» Architecture, Urbanism and Regional Development » Design, Media, Arts & IT

» Pedagogy, Education and Learning

» Social Activism, Social Innovation and Grassroots Movement

» Everyday Applications and Additional Disciplines

About the Authors

Peter BAUMGARTNER is full Professor for Technology Enhanced Learning and Multimedia at Danube University. He graduated in sociology and received his habilitation with a thesis on “Background Knowledge – Groundwork for a Critique of Computational Reason”. His recent research focuses on (Higher Education) didactics, theory of teaching and learning, e- Education and distance education, e-Learning implementation strategies and the evaluation of learning environments. He has been key speaker at various TEL conferences and has published 8 books and over 120 articles. His blog “Gedankensplitter” is available at https://peter.baumgartner.name/.

Uwe BREITENBÜCHER is a research staff member and postdoc at the Institute of Architecture of Application Systems (IAAS) at the University of Stuttgart, Germany. His research vision is to improve cloud application provisioning and application management by automating the application of management patterns. Uwe was part of the CloudCycle project, in which the OpenTOSCA Ecosystem was developed. His current research interests include cyber-physical systems, patterns, and microservices.

Gregory CRAWFORD is the COO of Surplus Permaculture Design, CEO of Win/ win Reactor and Creative Director of the Panya Project. Gregory is a systems thinker specializing in regenerative urban design, neighborhood skill-building and permaculture design. He is currently based in Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Aurelio DAVID is an Architect and a final-year Ph.D. Student at the Institute of Urban Planning and Design at the University of Dusiburg-Essen in Germany. He obtained a double master’s degree with distinction in Sustainable Architecture Design from the Politecnico di Torino and Milano (Italy). He was also selected to take part in the multidisciplinary program “Alta Scuola Politecnica”, where he studied Design Thinking, Innovation and Society, and Complexity Theory. Prior to his Ph.D., he worked at an NGO in Italy, where he dealt with issues of low- cost retrofit of social housing. His current activity of research addresses topics of architecture, public participation, and collaborative design. He is actively involved in several experiments of community participation in Germany.

Brecht DERIEMAEKER is a founding member of Surplus Permaculture Design, field engineer for Aqueous Solutions, core member of the Blueprint Alliance and lead designer for Terra Genesis International. Brecht works as a regenerative systems designer and electromechanical engineer. He currently works across the EU.

Cornelia EUBE received a Diploma (equiv. M.Sc.) in Electrical Engineering from the RWTH Aachen (1992, Germany) and a Bachelor of Arts in Educational Science from the FernUniversität in Hagen (2014, Germany). She worked as a development engineer in the field of RFIC design for many years. At present her scientific interest and work concern innovative teaching and learning in higher education.

Michael FALKENTHAL is a research associate and Ph.D. student at the Institute of Architecture of Application Systems (IAAS) at the University of Stuttgart, Germany. He studied business information technology at the Universities of Applied Sciences in Esslingen and Reutlingen focusing on business process management, services computing and enterprise architecture management. Michael gained experience in several IT transformation and migration projects at small- to big-sized companies. His current research interests are fundamentals on pattern language theory, cloud computing and the internet of things.

Harald FREY works at the Institute for Transportation at the Vienna University of Technology. He is a civil engineer and holds a PhD in the field of transport and infrastructure planning. His scientific output focuses i.a. on the interdependencies between transport system and city planning, transport modelling and future transport systems and is proofed by more than 200 articles and presentations. He is also member of several expert committees and is supporting communities and politicians in transport planning and transport policy.

Tomoki FURUKAWAZONO is a Ph.D. candidate in the Graduate School of Media and Governance at Keio University. He earned a Master of Media and Governance at the Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University. He is a visiting scholar of the University of Oregon.

David GETZIN is an independent researcher and analytic historian, currently working in Italy. He holds a master’s in design studies from the Harvard Graduate School of Design with a concentration in the History and Philosophy of Design. While there, he spearheaded the ADPD digital publishing project. He coursed PhD studies at McGill University, and holds a B.F.A. in Theatre Arts from Illinois Wesleyan University. In architectural practice, he has been Project Manager for handcraft bronze-work in the NYC area, for water-features in the same, and has served as an architectural design consultant in Peru. He wrote and produced The Fundamental Process, a podcast on iTunes about architectural morphology and history.

Andrea GHONEIM is researcher at the Department of Interactive Media and Education Technologies at Danube University Krems. Her contributions to the EU funded projects ICT-go-girls, EUfolio and ATS2020. Assessment of Transversal Skills show her focus on competence acquisition in technology enhanced learning scenarios as well as on criteria for self- and peer assessment and quality assurance for (formative and summative) assessment strategies. She also edits the ePortfolio of WP2 of ATS2020, collecting artefacts, research findings and deliverables on Technology and Tools for ATS2020 (https://mahara. ats2020.eu/view/view.php?id=178). (Andrea Ghoneim’s personal ePortfolio is accessible via https://www.mahara.at/user/andreaghoneim/index.

Geoffroy GODEAU is the CEO of Roots Culture, co-founder of Apples and People, and Technical Supervisor of the Panya Project. Geoffroy specializes in perennial polyculture food systems, natural building, and holistic education. He is currently based in Ittre, Belgium.

Tina GRUBER-MUECKE is full Professor for Entrepreneurship at the Department Business at IMC University of Applied Sciences Krems. She graduated in Business Administration and her research regarding pattern languages focuses on Pedagogical Patterns in Entrepreneurship and Usage of Patterns in Business Model Innovation.

Isabell GRUNDSCHOBER graduated at the Vienna University of Economic and Business with a major in Socio-Economics and at the University College for Teacher Education Vienna with a focus on elementary school education and digital literacy. Currently, she is finishing a Master in Applied Knowledge Management at the University of Applied Sciences Burgenland. Since January 2015 she is a researcher at the Department for Interactive Media and Educational Technologies at Danube University. Her fields of expertise are learning outcome-oriented education and its implementation, the recognition of prior learning and educational technology. Ms. Grundschober conducted several training sessions on the implementation of learning outcomes in Higher Education and coordinated the EU-project VALERU. She currently works on national and international funded projects in the area of educational technology and LLL research, e.g. assessment of transversal skills (ATS2020) validation for the inclusion of new citizens of Europe (VINCE), supporting bonds between labor market and higher education through higher apprenticeships (ApprEnt). More about Isabell Grundschobers’ work and research can be read in her blog “Isabell goes EduTech”.

Takashi IBA is a professor in the Faculty of Policy Management at Keio University. He received a Ph.D. in Media and Governance from Keio University in 2003. He is the president of CreativeShift Lab, Inc. and a board member of The Hillside Group. Collaborating with his students, he has created many pattern languages concerning human actions: Learning Patterns (2014), Presentation Patterns (2014), Collaboration Patterns (2014), Words for a Journey (2015), as well as academic books in Japanese, such as the bestselling Introduction to Complex Systems (1998) and Pattern Language (2013).

David ING is a doctoral candidate in Industrial Engineering at the Aalto University School of Science. He is a trustee and past-president of the International Society for the Systems Sciences (2011-2012). In 2012, he graduated from a 28-year career in IBM Canada. He resides in Toronto, Canada, and can readily be found on the Internet at coevolving.com.

Kimie ITO graduated from Rikkyo University with a degree in psychology and currently works at the Lifestyle Research Center at Kao Corporation. The main task at this research center is to understand consumer needs through qualitative surveys. In 2015, she became a member of the departmental project ‘Lifestyle and Attitude Toward the Working Life’. Currently, she is working with other members at Kao Corporation to implement a workshop utilizing the ‘Ways of Everyday World-Making’ with the purpose of realizing a society in which working people can work contently and in ways that suit themselves.

Max JACOBSON retired in 2015 from his architectural firm Jacobson Silverstein Winslow Degenhardt, Berkeley, California, after 35 years of practice. Concurrently he taught in the architecture departments of UC Berkeley, Diablo Valley College, and the University of San Francisco. He was a co-author of A Pattern Language and later with his architectural partners co-authored The Good House and Patterns of Home. His latest book was Invitation to Architecture.

Tomoki KANEKO is a student of Keio University and studies at Iba Laboratory. His research field is ultra-ageing society. He works at a non-profit organization called Dementia Friendship Club and is also a member of the Dementia-Friendly Japan Initiative. He conducts events and workshops in the welfare field throughout Japan. He creates pattern languages and researches ways to use them. He is one of the co-authors of the book “Words for a Journey”, a Pattern Language for Living Well with Dementia (2015). He is also a co-author of Parenting Patterns (2015) and Pattern Mining Patterns (2016).

Io KATO graduated from Tokyo University of the Arts, Faculty of Fine Arts, Department of Architecture. After graduation, first, he worked at Office of Kumiko Inui (http;//www.inuiuni.com), and second, Established Archichi office (http;//www.archichi.jp). At the same time, he taught at Kyoto University of Art and Design, Correspondence Education, Department of Design, Architectural Design Course. Now he is working as Staff at Benesse Style Care Co., Ltd., Architectural Design Division.

Norihiko KIMURA is master course student of Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University, in Japan. He studies a methodology creating future visions based on Social Systems Theory, proposed by German sociologist Niklas Luhmann, and presents some papers. He also researches community design method based on pattern language method. He is interested in methodology or theory of communication that makes participation and creative activities.

Norihiro KITAMURA is a director of the Association of Hataraku Shiawase JINEN-DO. After graduating from the School of Business at Aoyama Gakuin University, he worked at an employment agency and as store management at a nail salon. During this time, he became interested in the work-life of persons with disabilities and in 2012, along with his friends, he founded an association called “Hataraku Shiawase JINEN-DO” to support the employment of people with mental problems. At present, he is managing the training center of the employment support for persons with mental disabilities and creates his own know-how to support them.

Christian KOHLS is a professor for computer science and sociotechnical systems at the University of Applied Science Cologne (TH Köln). He has mined patterns in several fields, including interactive graphics, e-learning, online training, and creativity methods. His PhD theses covered psychological and epistemological views on pattern theory. As a pattern enthusiast he has published many papers on design patterns and organized international workshops and conferences on the topic. He is also president of the Hillside Europe pattern community.

Robert KRASSER is responsible for Village and Town Development at the Salzburg Institute for Regional Planning and Housing (SIR). He graduated at the department of architecture at Technical University of Graz followed by advanced studies at the University of Cape Town in city planning & urban design and the ETH-Zürich in regional planning. His recent work focuses on urban re-development, life-sized cities, street design, integrated urban development strategies, everyday-cycling infrastructure and documentary photography of complex urban traffic patterns.

Tomoko KUBO is the Chief of the Survey Planning Team, Department of Educationa Planning and Development, Division of Educational Innovation, at Kawaijuku Educational Institution.

Andrius Jonas KULIKAUSKAS is affiliated with the Self Learners Network. As child, he dedicated himself to knowing everything and applying that knowledge usefully. He has a B.A. in Physics from the University of Chicago and a Ph.D. in Mathematics from UCSD. From 1998 to 2010, he led Minciu Sodas, an online laboratory for serving and organizing independent thinkers around the world. He teaches Philosophy, Ethics and Creative Writing. He is currently investigating How do people behave? and How should they behave?

Christian KÖPPE is a senior lecturer in Software Engineering and researcher at the HAN University of Applied Sciences in Arnhem/Netherlands. He gives lectures in different disciplines like Software Architecture, Programming, Object-Oriented Analysis and Design, Databases and others. His research is mainly on the use and value of (educational) design patterns, innovations in computer science education, but also on software architecture topics. He is board member of the Hillside group, an active member of Hillside Europe, and also member of the program committee of different conferences. He was the program chair of the 20th PLoP conference and conference chair of the VikingPLoP‘16..

Valerie LARSEN is a research fellow with the Department of Mathematics and Technology of the University of Applied Science in Koblenz, Germany, where she develops didactic concepts to improve student learning within an innovative project to facilitate accessibility of higher education. After practicing as a midwife for 9 years, Valerie decided to embark on a second career in adult education. She studied educational sciences at the FernUniversität in Hagen.

Frank LEYMANN is a full professor of computer science and director of the Institute of Architecture of Application Systems (IAAS) at the University of Stuttgart, Germany. His research interests include service-oriented architectures and associated middleware, workflow- and business process management, cloud computing and associated systems management aspects, and patterns. Frank is co-author of more than 300 peer-reviewed papers, more than 40 patents, and several industry standards. He is on the Palsberg list of Computer Scientists with highest h-index.

Briana MEIER is a participant in the Portland Urban Architecture Research Lab and a doctoral candidate in the Environmental Sciences, Studies, and Planning program at the University of Oregon in the United States. An American Institute of Certified Planners accredited planner, Briana worked for several years in community-based urban planning and development prior to beginning her doctoral work. She holds a master‘s degree in urban and regional planning, and graduate certificates in urban design and real estate development from Portland State University.

Seiko MIYAKAWA graduated from International Christian University’s College of Liberal Arts in 1986, and in 1988 she graduated from Nagoya University’s Graduate School with a master’s degree in Science in Biology. In 1988 she began working at Kao Corporation’s Household Research Institute. She is responsible for the product development research, planning, and marketing research of household goods. Since 2014, her position has been Vice President of the Marketing Research & Development-Lifestyle Research Center. We cooperate with consumers to develop daily-necessity products in order to realize an affluent living culture. I have a four-person household, consisting of my husband, my son, my daughter, and myself.

Bryan MOCK is an artist and designer exploring the nature of the sacred through beauty and generative principles. His diverse background includes computer engineering, advanced mathematics, and he holds a degree in Architecture from Iowa State University. His obsession for the past year has been an independent art project called the Milkweed Mandala which has pushed him into new territories of exploration in materials, form making, vulnerability, and the latent pictographic world of his unconscious mind. Bryan attended the inaugural class of Building Beauty in October 2017.

Guido MUNSTER is a researcher at the University of Applied Science Cologne (TH Köln) in the department for computer science. His Master thesis covered the pattern mining process for the patterns presented in this paper. He is also responsible for installing and running the innovation rooms. His work focusses on testing new tools and devices systematically.

Hajo NEIS, Ph.D. Director of Portland Urban Architecture Research Lab PUARL and co-director of CIU. Professor Neis teaches architecture design and urban theory. He previously taught at the University of California, FH Frankfurt, Prince of Wales UDTF, TU Dresden, Duisburg-Essen, and Meiji University. His main interest in research and design include the question of quality and value in architecture and urban structure and the question of process and sequence that create quality. He works together with Chris Alexander (CES) since 1978 and also heads his own architecture office (HNA), with projects in the US, Japan, and Germany. Dr. Neis has published in English, German, Japanese, Spanish and Greek Journals, and he is also a co-author of several books including: ‚A New Theory of Urban Design’ 1987, and ‚Battle for the Life and Beauty of the Earth,’ 2012.

Rikke Toft NØRGÅRD is associate professor at the Center for Teaching Developments and Digital Media, Aarhus University, Denmark. Her field of research lies within ‘futuremaking through design thinking and new technologies in education,’ new educational potentials with new technologies and media, and development of the concept of ‘educational design thinking’ (merging educational philosophy, design thinking and practices with new technologies). Her work particularly focus on value-based vision-driven design thinking for future HE and new HE futures. Rikke holds a PhD in digital gameplay with a focus on the gameplayer’s interaction with and experience of gameplay design and technology.

Iroha OGO studies in the Faculty of Policy Management at Keio University. While studying under Professor Takashi Iba, she explores methods for communities and individuals to be more creative. She is challenged to describe the spirit of communities and has presented that method as Community Language (2015). She also worked at a private organization called ‘manma’, aiming to create a good environment involving family, and conducted ‘Family Internship’ which is a one-day hands-on program for young people.

Makoto OKADA is an expert researcher in the R&D Strategy and Planning Office, Fujitsu Laboratories, Ltd.; a visiting research fellow at the Centre for Global Communications, International University of Japan; and a Senior Researcher at the Keio Research Institute at SFC. He is also a founder member and the current co-director of the Dementia-Friendly Japan Initiative and an advisory board member of the Dementia Friendship Club. He is a co-editor of Words for a Journey (2015).

Greg PAINE PhD is an environmental planner with extensive experience in government. He is currently with the City Wellbeing Program, City Futures Research Centre, University of New South Wales Australia. His work on pattern is being developed into a book and a forthcoming website (revealingpattern.com).

Ana PINTO obtained a Masters in information technology in education and a PhD degree from the University of Sydney, Australia. Her PhD thesis, Pedagogy of Wholeness, has been attracting widespread praise for its consistent and comprehensive use of pattern language theory. Ana’s research interests revolve around ‘holistic’ educational design for networked learning and critical literacies development. Her professional experience has included literacy teaching and learning, and designing, developing and delivering training for teachers.

Jenny QUILLIEN is the Curator at the newly founded Embodied Making Institute in Amsterdam, Holland. Prior to that she had a long university career with New Mexico Highlands, University, Boston University, and The University of Maryland. An abiding interest in the psychology of spaces led to a six-year collaboration with Christopher Alexander on The Nature of Order. Along with numerous articles, she authored Delight’s Muse (an introductory overview of Alexander’s magnum opus and Clever Digs: how workspaces can enable thought.

Hitomi SHIMIZU studies in the Faculty of Policy Management at Keio University. As a member of Takashi Iba’s Laboratory, she explores methods to invite people to start cooking, for example, Cooking Fun Language. She is interested in using words as a tool to change human behavior, and aims to use words as a tool for living better with our planet.

Maina SULZBACH-PETRY is the Team Curator of Surplus Permaculture Design and maintains the big picture of many of our projects. Maina is currently based in Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Kazuo TAKIGUCHI is a local government official who has no academic or theoretical expertise in the field of social welfare. On the other hand, he has been actively engaged for about 10 years in an administrative department and has gained extensive practical experience in planning policies for sensitive social problems that occur to people in real life situations. Some examples of his responsibilities include case work on welfare protection, child abuse, and issues involving the mistreatment of people with disabilities. In other words, Kazuo Takiguchi‘s proficiency stems from providing direct support in the field and in planning programs for the welfare system.

Nick TITTLE is the CEO of Surplus Permaculture Design, Educational Director of the Panya Project and core member of the Blueprint Alliance. Nick works as an international Permaculture teacher, designer and practitioner. He is currently based in Charleston, South Carolina, USA.

Mayu UENO is a singer-songwriter belonging to Keio University’s Iba Lab. Her pop compositions include titles such as, ‘Akarui Uta,’ ‘Kuroi Namida’, ‘Sandwitch’, and others. A student of pattern language, she joined the ‘Ways of Everyday World-Making’ project, and has created songs with Takashi Iba.

Yoshihiro UTSUNOMIYA is a developer and editor at Benesse Corporation, a leading company of the Japanese education sector. He graduated from the University of Tokyo with a Master of Science. He is also qualified to teach in Japanese junior high and high schools. His research covers both coral reef science and education. He has been involved in the development of many products for high school students and teachers such as GPS, an assessment tool of the students‘ general skills. He has also been one of the main developers of Active Learning Patterns for Teachers (2016) along with Takashi Iba.

Sebastian VOGT holds a Ph.D. in media and communication science from Ilmenau University of Technology (Germany). His (scientific) life is driven by technical innovation and its impact on media and education. Sebastian Vogt was fixed term professor in educational technology, in educational research and in empirical education research at the FernUniversität in Hagen (Germany). As of 2015 he is professor in media production and media technology at the “THM“ in Friedberg (Germany).

Yujun WAKASHIN is an Adjunct Associate Professor of Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University, in Japan. He majored organizational psychology and communication theory. He produced many unique projects, such as JK-section in Sabae municipal office composed of high school girls, and NEET Co., Ltd. composed of people who are NEET (not in education, employment or training).

David WEST, Ph.D. is a retired professor of software development and systems design. His education — BA in Asian Philosophy, MS in Computer Science, MA in Cultural Anthropology, and PH.D. in Cognitive Anthropology — is reflected in the diversity of his published work. He has published two books, Object Thinking and Design Thinking (the latter with co-author Rebecca Rikner), and will have two more published in 2018, including his first work of fiction.

Masaaki YONESU graduated from Kobe University, Faculty of Environment Planning, and Department of Engineering. He got master’s degree both from Kobe University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology in architectural study. Now he is working as Executive Operating Officer at Benesse Style Care Co., Ltd., Development Division.

Ayaka YOSHIKAWA studies in the Keio University Faculty of Environment and Information Studies. As a member of Takashi Iba’s laboratory, she creates pattern languages about cooking, and also researches different ways of using patterns. She is the co-author of several pattern languages, including ‘Cooking Patterns’, a pattern language for everyday cooking. She has also convened various cooking workshops as well as idea generation workshops using patterns as a trigger for thought.