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Faust

DEDICATION

Again ye come, ye hovering Forms! I find ye,

As early to my clouded sight ye shone!

Shall I attempt, this once, to seize and bind ye?

Still o'er my heart is that illusion thrown?

Ye crowd more near! Then, be the reign assigned ye,

And sway me from your misty, shadowy zone!

My bosom thrills, with youthful passion shaken,

From magic airs that round your march awaken.

Of joyous days ye bring the blissful vision;

The dear, familiar phantoms rise again,

And, like an old and half-extinct tradition,

First Love returns, with Friendship in his train.

Renewed is Pain: with mournful repetition

Life tracks his devious, labyrinthine chain,

And names the Good, whose cheating fortune tore them

From happy hours, and left me to deplore them.

They hear no longer these succeeding measures,

The souls, to whom my earliest songs I sang:

Dispersed the friendly troop, with all its pleasures,

And still, alas! the echoes first that rang!

I bring the unknown multitude my treasures;

Their very plaudits give my heart a pang,

And those beside, whose joy my Song so flattered,

If still they live, wide through the world are scattered.

And grasps me now a long-unwonted yearning

For that serene and solemn Spirit-Land:

My song, to faint Aeolian murmurs turning,

Sways like a harp-string by the breezes fanned.

I thrill and tremble; tear on tear is burning,

And the stern heart is tenderly unmanned.

What I possess, I see far distant lying,

And what I lost, grows real and undying.

PRELUDE AT THE THEATRE

MANAGER ==== DRAMATIC POET ==== MERRY-ANDREW

MANAGER

You two, who oft a helping hand

Have lent, in need and tribulation.

Come, let me know your expectation

Of this, our enterprise, in German land!

I wish the crowd to feel itself well treated,

Especially since it lives and lets me live;

The posts are set, the booth of boards completed.

And each awaits the banquet I shall give.

Already there, with curious eyebrows raised,

They sit sedate, and hope to be amazed.

I know how one the People's taste may flatter,

Yet here a huge embarrassment I feel:

What they're accustomed to, is no great matter,

But then, alas! they've read an awful deal.

How shall we plan, that all be fresh and new,

Important matter, yet attractive too?

For 'tis my pleasure-to behold them surging,

When to our booth the current sets apace,

And with tremendous, oft-repeated urging,

Squeeze onward through the narrow gate of grace:

By daylight even, they push and cram in

To reach the seller's box, a fighting host,

And as for bread, around a baker's door, in famine,

To get a ticket break their necks almost.

This miracle alone can work the Poet

On men so various: now, my friend, pray show it.

POET

Speak not to me of yonder motley masses,

Whom but to see, puts out the fire of Song!

Hide from my view the surging crowd that passes,

And in its whirlpool forces us along!

No, lead me where some heavenly silence glasses

The purer joys that round the Poet throng,

Where Love and Friendship still divinely fashion

The bonds that bless, the wreaths that crown his passion!

Ah, every utterance from the depths of feeling

The timid lips have stammeringly expressed,

Now failing, now, perchance, success revealing,

Gulps the wild Moment in its greedy breast;

Or oft, reluctant years its warrant sealing,

Its perfect stature stands at last confessed!

What dazzles, for the Moment spends its spirit:

What's genuine, shall Posterity inherit.

MERRY-ANDREW

Posterity! Don't name the word to me!

If I should choose to preach Posterity,

Where would you get contemporary fun?

That men will have it, there's no blinking:

A fine young fellow's presence, to my thinking,

Is something worth, to every one.

Who genially his nature can outpour,

Takes from the People's moods no irritation;

The wider circle he acquires, the more

Securely works his inspiration.

Then pluck up heart, and give us sterling coin!

Let Fancy be with her attendants fitted,

Sense, Reason, Sentiment, and Passion join,

But have a care, lest Folly be omitted!

MANAGER

Chiefly, enough of incident prepare!

They come to look, and they prefer to stare.

Reel off a host of threads before their faces,

So that they gape in stupid wonder: then

By sheer diffuseness you have won their graces,

And are, at once, most popular of men.

Only by mass you touch the mass; for any

Will finally, himself, his bit select:

Who offers much, brings something unto many,

And each goes home content with the effect,

If you've a piece, why, just in pieces give it:

A hash, a stew, will bring success, believe it!

'Tis easily displayed, and easy to invent.

What use, a Whole compactly to present?

Your hearers pick and pluck, as soon as they receive it!

POET

You do not feel, how such a trade debases;

How ill it suits the Artist, proud and true!

The botching work each fine pretender traces

Is, I perceive, a principle with you.

MANAGER

Such a reproach not in the least offends;

A man who some result intends

Must use the tools that best are fitting.

Reflect, soft wood is given to you for splitting,

And then, observe for whom you write!

If one comes bored, exhausted quite,

Another, satiate, leaves the banquet's tapers,

And, worst of all, full many a wight

Is fresh from reading of the daily papers.

Idly to us they come, as to a masquerade,

Mere curiosity their spirits warming:

The ladies with themselves, and with their finery, aid,

Without a salary their parts performing.

What dreams are yours in high poetic places?

You're pleased, forsooth, full houses to behold?

Draw near, and view your patrons' faces!

The half are coarse, the half are cold.

One, when the play is out, goes home to cards;

A wild night on a wench's breast another chooses:

Why should you rack, poor, foolish bards,

For ends like these, the gracious Muses?

I tell you, give but more more, ever more, they ask:

Thus shall you hit the mark of gain and glory.

Seek to confound your auditory!

To satisfy them is a task.

What ails you now? Is't suffering, or pleasure?

POET

Go, find yourself a more obedient slave!

What! shall the Poet that which Nature gave,

The highest right, supreme Humanity,

Forfeit so wantonly, to swell your treasure?

Whence o'er the heart his empire free?

The elements of Life how conquers he?

Is't not his heart's accord, urged outward far and dim,

To wind the world in unison with him?

When on the spindle, spun to endless distance,

By Nature's listless hand the thread is twirled,

And the discordant tones of all existence

In sullen jangle are together hurled,

Who, then, the changeless orders of creation

Divides, and kindles into rhythmic dance?

Who brings the One to join the general ordination,

Where it may throb in grandest consonance?

Who bids the storm to passion stir the bosom?

In brooding souls the sunset burn above?

Who scatters every fairest April blossom

Along the shining path of Love?

Who braids the noteless leaves to crowns, requiting

Desert with fame, in Action's every field?

Who makes Olympus sure, the Gods uniting?

The might of Man, as in the Bard revealed.

MERRY-ANDREW

So, these fine forces, in conjunction,

Propel the high poetic function,

As in a love-adventure they might play!

You meet by accident; you feel, you stay,

And by degrees your heart is tangled;

Bliss grows apace, and then its course is jangled;

You're ravished quite, then comes a touch of woe,

And there's a neat romance, completed ere you know!

Let us, then, such a drama give!

Grasp the exhaustless life that all men live!

Each shares therein, though few may comprehend:

Where'er you touch, there's interest without end.

In motley pictures little light,

Much error, and of truth a glimmering mite,

Thus the best beverage is supplied,

Whence all the world is cheered and edified.

Then, at your play, behold the fairest flower

Of youth collect, to hear the revelation!

Each tender soul, with sentimental power,

Sucks melancholy food from your creation;

And now in this, now that, the leaven works.

For each beholds what in his bosom lurks.

They still are moved at once to weeping or to laughter,

Still wonder at your flights, enjoy the show they see:

A mind, once formed, is never suited after;

One yet in growth will ever grateful be.

POET

Then give me back that time of pleasures,

While yet in joyous growth I sang,

When, like a fount, the crowding measures

Uninterrupted gushed and sprang!

Then bright mist veiled the world before me,

In opening buds a marvel woke,

As I the thousand blossoms broke,

Which every valley richly bore me!

I nothing had, and yet enough for youth

Joy in Illusion, ardent thirst for Truth.

Give, unrestrained, the old emotion,

The bliss that touched the verge of pain,

The strength of Hate, Love's deep devotion,

O, give me back my youth again!

MERRY ANDREW

Youth, good my friend, you certainly require

When foes in combat sorely press you;

When lovely maids, in fond desire,

Hang on your bosom and caress you;

When from the hard-won goal the wreath

Beckons afar, the race awaiting;

When, after dancing out your breath,

You pass the night in dissipating:

But that familiar harp with soul

To play, with grace and bold expression,

And towards a self-erected goal

To walk with many a sweet digression,

This, aged Sirs, belongs to you,

And we no less revere you for that reason:

Age childish makes, they say, but 'tis not true;

We're only genuine children still, in Age's season!

MANAGER

The words you've bandied are sufficient;

'Tis deeds that I prefer to see:

In compliments you're both proficient,

But might, the while, more useful be.

What need to talk of Inspiration?

'Tis no companion of Delay.

If Poetry be your vocation,

Let Poetry your will obey!

Full well you know what here is wanting;

The crowd for strongest drink is panting,

And such, forthwith, I'd have you brew.

What's left undone to-day, To-morrow will not do.

Waste not a day in vain digression:

With resolute, courageous trust

Seize every possible impression,

And make it firmly your possession;

You'll then work on, because you must.

Upon our German stage, you know it,

Each tries his hand at what he will;

So, take of traps and scenes your fill,

And all you find, be sure to show it!

Use both the great and lesser heavenly light,

Squander the stars in any number,

Beasts, birds, trees, rocks, and all such lumber,

Fire, water, darkness, Day and Night!

Thus, in our booth's contracted sphere,

The circle of Creation will appear,

And move, as we deliberately impel,

From Heaven, across the World, to Hell!

PROLOGUE IN HEAVEN

THE LORD === THE HEAVENLY HOST

Afterwards

MEPHISTOPHELES

(The THREE ARCHANGELS come forward.)

RAPHAEL

The sun-orb sings, in emulation,

'Mid brother-spheres, his ancient round:

His path predestined through Creation

He ends with step of thunder-sound.

The angels from his visage splendid

Draw power, whose measure none can say;

The lofty works, uncomprehended,

Are bright as on the earliest day.

GABRIEL

And swift, and swift beyond conceiving,

The splendor of the world goes round,

Day's Eden-brightness still relieving

The awful Night's intense profound:

The ocean-tides in foam are breaking,

Against the rocks' deep bases hurled,

And both, the spheric race partaking,

Eternal, swift, are onward whirled!

MICHAEL

And rival storms abroad are surging

From sea to land, from land to sea.

A chain of deepest action forging

Round all, in wrathful energy.

There flames a desolation, blazing

Before the Thunder's crashing way:

Yet, Lord, Thy messengers are praising

The gentle movement of Thy Day.

THE THREE

Though still by them uncomprehended,

From these the angels draw their power,

And all Thy works, sublime and splendid,

Are bright as in Creation's hour.

MEPHISTOPHELES

Since Thou, O Lord, deign'st to approach again

And ask us how we do, in manner kindest,

And heretofore to meet myself wert fain,

Among Thy menials, now, my face Thou findest.

Pardon, this troop I cannot follow after

With lofty speech, though by them scorned and spurned:

My pathos certainly would move Thy laughter,

If Thou hadst not all merriment unlearned.

Of suns and worlds I've nothing to be quoted;

How men torment themselves, is all I've noted.

The little god o' the world sticks to the same old way,

And is as whimsical as on Creation's day.

Life somewhat better might content him,

But for the gleam of heavenly light which Thou hast lent

him:

He calls it Reason thence his power's increased,

To be far beastlier than any beast.

Saving Thy Gracious Presence, he to me

A long-legged grasshopper appears to be,

That springing flies, and flying springs,

And in the grass the same old ditty sings.

Would he still lay among the grass he grows in!

Each bit of dung he seeks, to stick his nose in.

THE LORD

Hast thou, then, nothing more to mention?

Com'st ever, thus, with ill intention?

Find'st nothing right on earth, eternally?

MEPHISTOPHELES

No, Lord! I find things, there, still bad as they can be.

Man's misery even to pity moves my nature;

I've scarce the heart to plague the wretched creature.

THE LORD

Know'st Faust?

MEPHISTOPHELES

The Doctor Faust?

THE LORD

My servant, he!

MEPHISTOPHELES

Forsooth! He serves you after strange devices:

No earthly meat or drink the fool suffices:

His spirit's ferment far aspireth;

Half conscious of his frenzied, crazed unrest,

The fairest stars from Heaven he requireth,

From Earth the highest raptures and the best,

And all the Near and Far that he desireth

Fails to subdue the tumult of his breast.

THE LORD

Though still confused his service unto Me,

I soon shall lead him to a clearer morning.

Sees not the gardener, even while buds his tree,

Both flower and fruit the future years adorning?

MEPHISTOPHELES

What will you bet? There's still a chance to gain him,

If unto me full leave you give,

Gently upon my road to train him!

THE LORD

As long as he on earth shall live,

So long I make no prohibition.

While Man's desires and aspirations stir,

He cannot choose but err.

MEPHISTOPHELES

My thanks! I find the dead no acquisition,

And never cared to have them in my keeping.

I much prefer the cheeks where ruddy blood is leaping,

And when a corpse approaches, close my house:

It goes with me, as with the cat the mouse.

THE LORD

Enough! What thou hast asked is granted.

Turn off this spirit from his fountain-head;

To trap him, let thy snares be planted,

And him, with thee, be downward led;

Then stand abashed, when thou art forced to say:

A good man, through obscurest aspiration,

Has still an instinct of the one true way.

MEPHISTOPHELES

Agreed! But 'tis a short probation.

About my bet I feel no trepidation.

If I fulfill my expectation,

You'll let me triumph with a swelling breast:

Dust shall he eat, and with a zest,

As did a certain snake, my near relation.

THE LORD

Therein thou'rt free, according to thy merits;

The like of thee have never moved My hate.

Of all the bold, denying Spirits,

The waggish knave least trouble doth create.

Man's active nature, flagging, seeks too soon the level;

Unqualified repose he learns to crave;

Whence, willingly, the comrade him I gave,

Who works, excites, and must create, as Devil.

But ye, God's sons in love and duty,

Enjoy the rich, the ever-living Beauty!

Creative Power, that works eternal schemes,

Clasp you in bonds of love, relaxing never,

And what in wavering apparition gleams

Fix in its place with thoughts that stand forever!

(Heaven closes: the ARCHANGELS separate.)

MEPHISTOPHELES (solus)

I like, at times, to hear The Ancient's word,

And have a care to be most civil:

It's really kind of such a noble Lord

So humanly to gossip with the Devil!

SCENE I

NIGHT

(A lofty-arched, narrow, Gothic chamber. FAUST, in a chair at his

desk, restless.)

FAUST

I've studied now Philosophy

And Jurisprudence, Medicine,

And even, alas! Theology,

From end to end, with labor keen;

And here, poor fool! with all my lore

I stand, no wiser than before:

I'm Magister yea, Doctor hight,

And straight or cross-wise, wrong or right,

These ten years long, with many woes,

I've led my scholars by the nose,

And see, that nothing can be known!

That knowledge cuts me to the bone.

I'm cleverer, true, than those fops of teachers,

Doctors and Magisters, Scribes and Preachers;

Neither scruples nor doubts come now to smite me,

Nor Hell nor Devil can longer affright me.

For this, all pleasure am I foregoing;

I do not pretend to aught worth knowing,

I do not pretend I could be a teacher

To help or convert a fellow-creature.

Then, too, I've neither lands nor gold,

Nor the world's least pomp or honor hold

No dog would endure such a curst existence!

Wherefore, from Magic I seek assistance,

That many a secret perchance I reach

Through spirit-power and spirit-speech,

And thus the bitter task forego

Of saying the things I do not know,

That I may detect the inmost force

Which binds the world, and guides its course;

Its germs, productive powers explore,

And rummage in empty words no more!

O full and splendid Moon, whom I

Have, from this desk, seen climb the sky

So many a midnight, would thy glow

For the last time beheld my woe!

Ever thine eye, most mournful friend,

O'er books and papers saw me bend;

But would that I, on mountains grand,

Amid thy blessed light could stand,

With spirits through mountain-caverns hover,

Float in thy twilight the meadows over,

And, freed from the fumes of lore that swathe me,

To health in thy dewy fountains bathe me!

Ah, me! this dungeon still I see.

This drear, accursed masonry,

Where even the welcome daylight strains

But duskly through the painted panes.

Hemmed in by many a toppling heap

Of books worm-eaten, gray with dust,

Which to the vaulted ceiling creep,

Against the smoky paper thrust,

With glasses, boxes, round me stacked,

And instruments together hurled,

Ancestral lumber, stuffed and packed

Such is my world: and what a world!

And do I ask, wherefore my heart

Falters, oppressed with unknown needs?

Why some inexplicable smart

All movement of my life impedes?

Alas! in living Nature's stead,

Where God His human creature set,

In smoke and mould the fleshless dead

And bones of beasts surround me yet!

Fly! Up, and seek the broad, free land!

And this one Book of Mystery

From Nostradamus' very hand,

Is't not sufficient company?

When I the starry courses know,

And Nature's wise instruction seek,

With light of power my soul shall glow,

As when to spirits spirits speak.

Tis vain, this empty brooding here,

Though guessed the holy symbols be:

Ye, Spirits, come ye hover near

Oh, if you hear me, answer me!

(He opens the Book, and perceives the sign of the Macrocosm.)

Ha! what a sudden rapture leaps from this

I view, through all my senses swiftly flowing!

I feel a youthful, holy, vital bliss

In every vein and fibre newly glowing.

Was it a God, who traced this sign,

With calm across my tumult stealing,

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